Founded In    2000
Published   annually
Language(s)   English

Fields of Interest


Interdisciplinary: Ad Americam publishes peer-reviewed articles on North American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures

ISSN   1896-9461
Affiliated Organization   Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Publisher   Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Editorial Board

Andrzej Mania (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Łukasz Wordliczek (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Paulina Napierała (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Juliette Bourdin (Département d’Études des Pays Anglophones, Université Vincennes Saint Denis - Paris 8, France)
Christopher Coker (London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of International Relations, London, UK)
Crister S. Garrett (Institute for American Studies, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany)
Benjamin P. Greene (Department of History, United States Military Academy, West Point, USA)
Ann Hetzel Gunkel (Deptarment of Humanities, History & Social Sciences, Columbia College Chicago, USA)
Patricia Hart (School of Journalism and Mass Media, University of Idaho, Idaho, USA)
Hartmut Keil (Institute for American Studies, University of Leipzig, Germany)
Ludmilla Kostova (Department of English and American Studies, University of Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria)
Rett R. Ludwikowski (Columbus School of Law, Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., USA)
Anna Ludwikowski (Associate Attorney, Erickson Immigration Group, Arlington, Virginia)
Marcos Pablo Moloeznik (Department of Political Science, Center for Social and Humanistic Science, University of Guadalajara, Mexico)
Dirk Nabers (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany)
Lucia Otrísalová (Department of English and American Studies, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia)
Erik Owens (Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life, Boston College, USA)
Dorota Praszałowicz (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Francis D. Raška (Department of American Studies, Institute of International Studies, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic)
Anna Reczyńska (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Josep M. Reniu (Grau en Cičncies Polítiques i de l’Administració, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain)
Garry Robson (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Adam Walaszek (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)

Submission Guidelines and Editorial Policies

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is an interdisciplinary journal edited at Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. Ad Americam publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles by scholars on American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures. It is rather impossible to predict the exact length of time that will be required to process any given manuscript but usual time between final decisions and print publication is about 6 months. The editors make all final decisions upon the advice of members of the editorial board and two reviewers. The review process usually takes 6-8 weeks.

The article should be submitted as an email attachment, formatted in double-spacing, 12-point font. Leave 2.5 cm margins on all sides of page. Contributions MUST include keywords and abstract of the article (of approximately 200 words). Contact address and a short biographical note (of approximately 100 words) must also be submitted but saved in a separate file. Authors should remove all self-identification information (e.g. names, institutional affiliations, email addresses) from articles. Any such material must be added back into the manuscript, if it is accepted for publication.
Spelling must confirm to American usage, please check if it is consistent throughout.
References to other works: please follow the MLA style. In-text citations should be placed, within parentheses, at the appropriate locations within the text. Each citation should consist of the author’s last name (or authors’ last names), followed by page number(s):
Text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article (Lastname 13).
In case of any doubts, please refer to:
Any notes should be numbered consecutively and placed, also doubled spaced, at the bottom of the page. Authors are responsible for using proper DOI numbers in their notes.
Any acknowledgments or statements of financial support should be placed in an unnumbered note at the bottom of the first page.
The section heading for the list of works cited should be “References,” not “Bibliography.” Please follow the MLA style.
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages

Internet sources:
Name of Site. Name of institution/organization/preson(s) affiliated with the site (sometimes found in copyright statements). Date you accessed the site. Electronic address (internet link).

References should not be numbered.
Manuscripts that are failing to meet the particular style goals of the journal, will not be sent out for review.

All contributions should be sent to Dr. Paulina Napierała at
The Editors may also be contacted at the following address:
“Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies”
Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Rynek Glowny 34
31-010 Krakow
Submission of an article is taken to imply that it has not previously been published and had not been submitted for publication elsewhere. Prospective authors are fully responsible for obtaining permission to use any material in which they do not own copyright.
Contributors of any nationality are welcomed.
Following publication, a copy of the printed journal will be sent to the author(s).

Mailing Address

Dr. Łukasz Wordliczek
“Ad Americam”
Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Rynek Główny 34
31-010 Kraków

Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is an interdisciplinary journal published yearly by The Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora of Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. Ad Americam publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles by scholars on American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures.
The Institute was established in 2004. It emerged from the consolidation of various programs (Chair of American Studies, Center for Canadian Studies, Chair of Latin American Studies, Chair of the History of International Migration Movements and Chair of Sociology of Nation and Ethnic Relations). The Chair of American Studies was founded in 1991 as an interfaculty research institution of the Jagiellonian University with the aim of teaching Polish students about different issues concerning the United States. In 1995 a program of doctoral studies was launched and in March 2000 the first Ph.D. dissertation was defended. Currently, The Institute now functions within the Faculty of International Relations and Political Science and nearly 1,000 students are enrolled.
The Institute offers the following programs: American studies (three-year B.A., two-year M.A. and Ph.D.), Latin-American studies (two-year M.A.), ethnicity studies (two-year M.A.) and - taught in English - a two-year M.A. program in TransAtlantic Studies (TAS). The program focuses on the political and cultural aspects of TransAtlantic relations.
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Ad Americam, Vol. 9

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is a peer-reviewed, English language scientific journal edited by Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

Multicultural Pedagogy, Race and Black American Education

The clamor for multicultural education as a means of redressing the historic imbalances and Eurocentric biases of American education has not won universal acclaim. In fact, the move toward multiculturalism has only exacerbated the crises of confidence in American public education. Black Americans perceive multiculturalism as a pedagogical "Trojan horse" designed to sustain and perpetuate the tradition of white intellectual hegemony. Instead of multiculturalism, black cultural nationalists proffer a racial essentialist epistemological pedagogy rooted in African/black history and culture. For multiculturalism to succeed, they suggest, America has, a priori, to confront and transcend the chronic cancer of racism that continues to devour the moral fiber of the nation. Without first confronting, and somehow resolving, the endemic problem of racism, any attempts at implementing multicultural curricula would at best be cosmetic and leave essentially untouched the historical tradition and problematic of white hegemony. Among blacks, however, there are conflicting views on the necessity and possibility of transcending race. The focus of this paper is to interrogate the conflicting perspectives on multicultural education among Americans, the ideological debates and controversy it has provoked, and the equally conflicting and problematic strategies enunciated. It addresses these critical inquiries--What role, if any, should race, and the historic tradition of racism and segregation, play in determining and establishing the utility and viability of multiculturalism? What are the alternatives to multiculturalism? Is there a point of intersection for the conflicting perspectives?

One Dream, Two Emigrations: Young Polish Immigrants in the USA and England and the Realization of their American Dream

What has always attracted people to the USA was this particular, unspecified, but strong force defined as American Dream. There are as many meanings of this term, as people choosing the USA for their destination. The core of American Dream has always been the same: a hope for success and good life. Such a vision of the USA was also shared by Polish immigrants to this country. What is more, it took hold not only in their minds but also in the minds of their relatives and friends who awaited them back in Poland. Obviously a positive image of the USA was passed on and as such survived till today. However, in the wake of new emigration possibilities which begun with the Polish accession to the European Union, emigration to the USA lost a lot of its popularity. The presented paper aims to analyze American Dream and the way it is perceived by today's Polish immigrants in the USA and England. The research was inspired by the results of a former one in which the majority of respondents decided that today success is easily achieved through work abroad. At the same time they agreed that American Dream is more likely to come true in Europe than in the USA. The research, regarded as a pilot project, was conducted in two groups of young Polish emigrants who were able to compare their dreams with reality. The respondents were all emigration bloggers in England and the USA. The data was collected by means of a questionnaire composed predominantly of open questions, frequently supplemented. The most important observation coming from the research is that the American Dream, understood as a good life for oneself and one's family, may today be achieved equally well in England and in the USA. Therefore it may be concluded that the American Dream is no longer attached to a geographical location but rather to an emigrant's hopes and expectations for success in the country of destination.

Bridging the Distance: the Autodriven Portraits of two small Communities by Young People. Remarks on Visual Methods and Techniques

This essay reflects on the relatively new methods in the field of social research that make use of visual data. Previously underestimated, visual data is now being applied in advanced scientific research and social work. The proponents of visual methods take advantage of visual research to examine the social world from new perspectives and emphasize its participatory, collaborative and reflexive quality [Pink: 1]. Although photography and film are considered the most familiar forms of media, there is a whole range of equally useful visual ones which explore social issues. Less privileged visual methods, which include: drawing, painting, sketching, diaries, etc enable researchers to "see" the hidden or invisible worlds. The process of collecting the visual data does not exhaust the visual methodology. In fact, the analytical work begins with the research interrogations, including media. The data can be used to form various theoretical models, which later can be manipulated, rearranged, and reconstructed in order to foster understanding of the phenomena. Above all, the visual data become objects themselves which activate "ethnographic memory" [Harper : 35], encouraging dialogue between researchers and individuals who describe the images. Just then the interactive process begins as the visual methods reach latent elements of the worlds lived and therefore evoke emotional and suggestive reactions, otherwise masked under the textual description or seen through the researcher's own cultural lenses. Visual methods enable to perceive the social world through the lenses of the cultural others, simultaneously empowering those who have been lumped together into monolithic, yet powerfully symbolic, categories.

From the Northwest Passage to the Canadian Inland Waters: Political History of the Canadian Arctic Waters

The paper focuses on the latest developments of an old controversy over the status of the channels and straights of the Northwest Passage. The problem arises from the fact that the waters which constitute the passage are not universally recognized as Canadian though there is an international consensus on the land area of the Arctic Archipelago. In its first part the article presents a general idea of the Northwest Passage and outlines the history of establishing Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic. The next parts of the article trace the roots of the controversy between Canada and the United States. The paper also shows the recent development of the problem and concentrates on submarine traffic underneath the waters of the Arctic Archipelago. Reaffirming Canada's claim and enforcing sovereignty there is one of the most important goals of Prime Minister Stephen Harper. Finally, the last part of the paper shows how critical the controversy is becoming. Global warming has substantially changed the Arctic. It is thought that the passage is likely to be attractive as a major shipping route. Will this time Canada be prepared to stand on guard for the "True North, strong and free"?

The picture of the situation in Afghanistan at the end of George W. Bush's presidency in American leading press

In the article the author tries to present how the American leading press - periodical like The New York Times, The Washington Post, Time or Newsweek - show the situation in Afghanistan in the middle of 2008, at the end of George W. Bush's presidency. At the beginning, the general situation in Afghanistan and escalation of violence was presented. Next, the author tries to show why the situation in Afghanistan looks in that way. He mentions about complicated situation in the region and critical remarks to Pakistani president Pervez Musharaff and American administration. He also points out, the same like American press, at mistakes made during Afghan operation, such as totally non defeating Taliban regime and Al Qaeda's cells or moving the heaviness of military and intelligence actions to Iraq, what caused breakdown of successes in Afghanistan. Next the suggestions about how to improve the situation in Afghan-Pakistani region that appeared in American press were presented. At the end the author reveals his opinion on leading American press and its critical approach towards George W. Bush's administration policy in Afghanistan.

Dionne Quintuplets: unsuccessful experiment of a noble society

The famous Dionne quintuplets: Annette, Emilie, Yvonne, Cecille and Marie were born in Canada on May 28, 1934. The girls became national celebrities, wards of the state in a special hospital-home, studied constantly by doctors and scientists. The paper describes Dionne girls' life story in the context of Anglophone - Francophone tensions and the ever present question: how far can state interfere in the lives of their citizens and when such interference proves to be harmful what kind of compensation measures should be implemented?

Native American Heritage in Action: Traditional Lakota Rituals Nowadays

The main focus of the article is continuity and change in Lakota culture, exemplified by an analysis of the rituals and ceremonies that the author took part in during fieldwork on the Standing Rock Reservation (Little Eagle, South Dakota). The status quo of the traditional Native American rituals has been applied to the notion of culture therapy, an idea quite popular among the local activists, which states that the social problems disturbing the reservation communities can be eradicated by returning to the traditional rituals and values, or resuming "the Red Road", as opposed to blindly following the evidently destructive mainstream American society's ways. The results of this research are contradictory. On one hand, the traditional ways and values seem to be the answer to the social problems disturbing the Native American community, and there is a plethora of options for the people to help themselves via traditional rituals. On the other hand, they are reluctant to take part in them, as they believe that the culture is too "powerful", and as a result of the respect they feel towards it, they decide not to take up the elements of Native American heritage that could truly help them.

U.S. Economic Sanctions against China as a Reaction to Human Rights Abuses During the Tiananmen Crisis

The article focuses on foreign policy conducted by Bush's administration in the aftermath of Tiananmen massacre. In June 1989 governmental forces brutally intervened in the Tiananmen Square in Beijing where a student-led movement developed into an anti-government demonstration. The crackdown resulted in the death of hundreds of army soldiers, students and other demonstrators. The incident drew immediate and dramatic international reactions. The U.S. imposed very broad sanctions which included a suspension of official and military exchanges between the two governments, a prohibition on U.S. trade financing and many others. But the most severe U.S. sanction against China was a linkage of China's MFN (Most Favored Nation) status to human rights that was the subject of a long-lasting debate between the legislative and executive branches of the U.S. government. The author tries to prove that U.S. economic sanctions did not improve (as usual) the humanitarian situation and the concessions made by Chinese government were just "cosmetic" and had a clear political motive.

"Shadows catch up": official and private histories in The Way the Crow Flies by Ann-Marie MacDonald

A Canadian playwright, novelist and actor, Ann-Marie MacDonald in her 2003 novel The Way the Crow Flies, a murder mystery, a morality tale, and a peculiar historiographic metafiction, revises Canadian history from the Cold War period. The novel explores the official and unofficial narratives of the Canadian 1960s prosperity era. Set in Ontario, in 1962, The Way the Crow Flies starts with the murder of an eight-year-old girl which shatters the peaceful community of Centralia where the McCarthy family lives. The crime remains at the centre of the novel, to be resolved on its final pages after Madeleine, the biased and unreliable investigator, solves a baffling puzzle of hints, silences, memories, secrets and lies leading to the death of her classmate and double. The novel becomes a mosaic of subjective tales intermingled with national policies, with the main narrative focus on Madeleine McCarthy, first as an eight-year-old child, alternating between being the daughter of a respectable officer and community eccentric, and, when the story continues after 20 years, a successful but distressed gay comedian. Madeleine's life becomes a tangle of truth and deceits, the known and the secret, a side effect of the Cold War American, Canadian and British politics. The novel commingles the global and the local and demystifies Canadian national myths, revealing the underside story of the Cold War times in Canada and the Nazi sources of the American space race success as well as the Canadian contribution to it. MacDonald comments on the way otherness has been treated in Canada through the marginalised figures of a Métis and his Jewish-German stepfather. The Way the Crow Flies emphasises the significance of coming to terms with the painful past in Canada and myth-making, as well as the therapeutic capacities of story-telling.

Other Issues

Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies. Focus on: Latin American Studies, Vol. 17
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 16
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 15
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 14
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 13
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 12
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 11
Ad Americam, Vol. 10
Ad Americam, Vol. 8
Ad Americam, Vol. 7
Ad Americam, Vol. 6. Focus on: U.S. Legal System,
Ad Americam, Vol. 5. Focus on: U.S. Foreign Policy. Pattern and Process,
Ad Americam, Vol. 4. Focus on: United We Stand, Divided We Fall. US-Canadian Relations,
Ad Americam, Vol. 3. Focus on: Native America,
Ad Americam, Vol. 2. Focus on: The American Presidency,
Ad Americam, Vol. 1. Focus on: The Image of Women in American Culture,