Founded In    2000
Published   annually
Language(s)   English

Fields of Interest


Interdisciplinary: Ad Americam publishes peer-reviewed articles on North American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures

ISSN   1896-9461
Affiliated Organization   Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Publisher   Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Editorial Board

Andrzej Mania (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Łukasz Wordliczek (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Paulina Napierała (Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Juliette Bourdin (Département d’Études des Pays Anglophones, Université Vincennes Saint Denis - Paris 8, France)
Christopher Coker (London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of International Relations, London, UK)
Crister S. Garrett (Institute for American Studies, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany)
Benjamin P. Greene (Department of History, United States Military Academy, West Point, USA)
Ann Hetzel Gunkel (Deptarment of Humanities, History & Social Sciences, Columbia College Chicago, USA)
Patricia Hart (School of Journalism and Mass Media, University of Idaho, Idaho, USA)
Hartmut Keil (Institute for American Studies, University of Leipzig, Germany)
Ludmilla Kostova (Department of English and American Studies, University of Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria)
Rett R. Ludwikowski (Columbus School of Law, Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., USA)
Anna Ludwikowski (Associate Attorney, Erickson Immigration Group, Arlington, Virginia)
Marcos Pablo Moloeznik (Department of Political Science, Center for Social and Humanistic Science, University of Guadalajara, Mexico)
Dirk Nabers (Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany)
Lucia Otrísalová (Department of English and American Studies, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia)
Erik Owens (Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life, Boston College, USA)
Dorota Praszałowicz (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Francis D. Raška (Department of American Studies, Institute of International Studies, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic)
Anna Reczyńska (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Josep M. Reniu (Grau en Ciències Polítiques i de l’Administració, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain)
Garry Robson (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)
Adam Walaszek (Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland)

Submission Guidelines and Editorial Policies

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is an interdisciplinary journal edited at Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. Ad Americam publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles by scholars on American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures. It is rather impossible to predict the exact length of time that will be required to process any given manuscript but usual time between final decisions and print publication is about 6 months. The editors make all final decisions upon the advice of members of the editorial board and two reviewers. The review process usually takes 6-8 weeks.

The article should be submitted as an email attachment, formatted in double-spacing, 12-point font. Leave 2.5 cm margins on all sides of page. Contributions MUST include keywords and abstract of the article (of approximately 200 words). Contact address and a short biographical note (of approximately 100 words) must also be submitted but saved in a separate file. Authors should remove all self-identification information (e.g. names, institutional affiliations, email addresses) from articles. Any such material must be added back into the manuscript, if it is accepted for publication.
Spelling must confirm to American usage, please check if it is consistent throughout.
References to other works: please follow the MLA style. In-text citations should be placed, within parentheses, at the appropriate locations within the text. Each citation should consist of the author’s last name (or authors’ last names), followed by page number(s):
Text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article text of your article (Lastname 13).
In case of any doubts, please refer to:
Any notes should be numbered consecutively and placed, also doubled spaced, at the bottom of the page. Authors are responsible for using proper DOI numbers in their notes.
Any acknowledgments or statements of financial support should be placed in an unnumbered note at the bottom of the first page.
The section heading for the list of works cited should be “References,” not “Bibliography.” Please follow the MLA style.
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages

Internet sources:
Name of Site. Name of institution/organization/preson(s) affiliated with the site (sometimes found in copyright statements). Date you accessed the site. Electronic address (internet link).

References should not be numbered.
Manuscripts that are failing to meet the particular style goals of the journal, will not be sent out for review.

All contributions should be sent to Dr. Paulina Napierała at
The Editors may also be contacted at the following address:
“Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies”
Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Rynek Glowny 34
31-010 Krakow
Submission of an article is taken to imply that it has not previously been published and had not been submitted for publication elsewhere. Prospective authors are fully responsible for obtaining permission to use any material in which they do not own copyright.
Contributors of any nationality are welcomed.
Following publication, a copy of the printed journal will be sent to the author(s).

Mailing Address

Dr. Łukasz Wordliczek
“Ad Americam”
Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora
Rynek Główny 34
31-010 Kraków

Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is an interdisciplinary journal published yearly by The Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora of Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. Ad Americam publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles by scholars on American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies of American and other cultures.
The Institute was established in 2004. It emerged from the consolidation of various programs (Chair of American Studies, Center for Canadian Studies, Chair of Latin American Studies, Chair of the History of International Migration Movements and Chair of Sociology of Nation and Ethnic Relations). The Chair of American Studies was founded in 1991 as an interfaculty research institution of the Jagiellonian University with the aim of teaching Polish students about different issues concerning the United States. In 1995 a program of doctoral studies was launched and in March 2000 the first Ph.D. dissertation was defended. Currently, The Institute now functions within the Faculty of International Relations and Political Science and nearly 1,000 students are enrolled.
The Institute offers the following programs: American studies (three-year B.A., two-year M.A. and Ph.D.), Latin-American studies (two-year M.A.), ethnicity studies (two-year M.A.) and - taught in English - a two-year M.A. program in TransAtlantic Studies (TAS). The program focuses on the political and cultural aspects of TransAtlantic relations.
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Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 11

Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is a peer-reviewed, English language scientific journal edited by Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

"Small town Canada with a Little Muslim Twist": Forming a Mental Image of Islam

In Canada, questions surrounding the relationship between identity formation among minorities and media are particularly fraught because of multicultural policy. The Little Mosque on the Prairie is a Canadian sitcom on CBC Television, created by Zarqa Nawaz. The show is full of interactions between the Muslims and the non-Muslim residents of the town of Mercy. The show reveals a variety of Islamic views and misunderstandings concerning the religious community. Using comedy as a unique way to break down barriers and to foster a platform for dialogue and cross-cultural understanding, The Little Mosque takes issue with mainstream media approaches to polarized frameworks of culture (Christian v. Muslim, Islam v. the West). Nawaz herself, however, states that the show's primary agenda is to be funny, not to be a political platform. This paper provides a critical review of the sitcom as a tool in shaping media representations of minorities in Canada.

Asia-Pacific Community: Conditions, Feasibility and the Role of the U.S.

This article discusses Australian PMâ€(tm)s proposal of creating an Asia Pacific Community. It presents a theoretical basis for the integration within the Pacific Basin (including integrative potential of the region and gravity theory of trade) and the role of the Pacific Ocean as a certain stage for this organization. Four pillars of economic community (trade and investment, infrastructure, financial and monetary cooperation, regional public goods) integration are also presented, as economic community seem to be the only thing that could bring additional value to regional integration. Finally, it analyses the problem of conditions for the new institution, including problems of existing organizations of the region. As for the American role, there are three scenarios possible. In the first one, the U.S. would join the integration block, supporting the Asia-Pacific Community project by becoming a member. The second scenario supports the existing model of an East Asian integration, based on the East Asia Summit (EAS), where Chinaâ€(tm)s influences are balanced by U.S. allies. The third possibility, seeming to be most likely, is to join the enlarged EAS, which seems to be possible, as the U.S. acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (July 2009), which is a condition of joining the EAS.

Deadly Exception: The Death Penalty in the United States of America

The death penalty in the United States of America in the 21st century puzzles (or even outrages) many. Since my intention is not to evaluate the moral aspects of capital punishment, I will concentrate on the puzzlement more than the outrage caused by the phenomenon. When a champion of democracy executes its citizens in the 21st century, it raises questions, and the internal contradictions of the American capital punishment complicate the matter even further. In order to decipher the American phenomenon of state killing, we have to understand the history of capital punishment on American soil along with the mechanics of American political system, as well as American culture and mindset. I will argue there are particular American political institutions, values and social trends that allow for the continued practice of the death penalty in the United States.

Friends of The Court or Friends of Their Own Interests: Amicus Curiae as a Lobbying Tool of Groups of Interest in the U.S. Supreme Courtâ€(tm)s Decision-Making Process

Most of the contemporary researchers focus on the lobbying issues in the United States with regard to the executive or the legislative. However, there is another important institution in the American government, which, from time to time, becomes the subject to political and social pressures: the U.S. Supreme Court. Since the very beginning of American history, the Supreme Court has played an important role in shaping basic social, political and economic relations in the country. This role was derived from the power of judicial review, i.e. the ability of the Court to check constitutionality of legal acts created by other branches of government (the executive and the legislative) which really meant direct interpretation of the federal Constitution. It led to numerous decisions concerning different aspects of everyday life, such as the scope of protection of civil rights or the powers of the federal and state governments. Today, the Justices of the Court are among the most prominent and influential actors of American political and legal stage, thus becoming an attractive object for various lobby groups. The best way to influence the work of the Court, apart from not being the party of a dispute, is to sign a document appearing as a third party to the dispute, so-called “friend of the court”, in Latin: amicus curiae. Amicus curiae brief is the best way to assist the Justices in their decision-making process. The paper aims at analyzing the most important decisions made by the Justices of the Supreme Court since the 1950s, which have been indirectly or directly influenced by significant amicus curiae briefs, often prepared by various lobbying groups aiming at achieving a concrete legal result.

Philosophy of “The Great Wall” in the Socio-Cultural Context: American versus Chinese People with Regard to the Individual and the Community

The paper concentrates on the socio-cultural aspect of American-Chinese relations, viewed from the perspective of the “Great Wall” concept. The “Great Wall” is a particular visualization of these relations as well as a reason for examining China and the United States in the category of competitive symbols of the East and the West. This idea is often expressed by antagonistic cultural values, most clearly observed in the American and Chinese approaches to the importance of the individual and the community. The author analyzes American society as the embodiment of individualism, which at the same time situates the independent individual in the context of his or her need to belong to some larger community, represented either by the family or some other social organizations. Chinese society has been presented through the angle of Confucianism �" a system which developed the cult of the family and collectivism, but did not appreciate the individual. The author has also outlined the contemporary process of gradual elimination of the traditional order in favor of the growing individualism of the youngest generation of Chinese. The causes and effects of cultural differences between China and America have been presented, with the conclusion that in the days of globalization the thus far conflicting approaches are undergoing a the process of far-reaching transformation through mutual adaptation of new values. Thus, the idea of diametrically opposed vision of Chinese and American society is becoming less and less justified.

Questioning the Neoliberal Paradigm: a Critique of the Washington Consensus in Historical Perspective

The paper focuses on the controversial aspects of the policies conducted by the World Bank Group towards the debtor countries, including the neoliberal framework of the so-called Washington Consensus, implemented under the influence of the U.S. and leading Western economies. The author analyzes the historical context of the formation of international financial institutionsâ€(tm) recommendations and the neoliberal development model, promoted as a cure to socio-economic fallacies leading to debt crises. Since the 1980s global IFIâ€(tm)s have proposed a policy of reduced public expenses, low tariffs, and privatization of state-owned companies in place of high-government spending, protectionism and dirigisme. With the financial crises in the subsequent years, the IFI-promoted agenda became the subject of raising controversies. The main critical orientations in the debate on the Consensus - liberal, social democratic and Marxist - are discussed in reference to ongoing attempts to reform the international financial architecture on the basis of commonly accepted development patterns. Among the particularly significant points of the dispute are “market fundamentalism” opposed to etatism, as well as the clash between the priority of fast economic growth and a costly social agenda, including goals of poverty reduction, improving access to public services, etc. The presented cases of the International Monetary Fundâ€(tm)s questioned response to the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998, as well as Chavezâ€(tm)s Venezuela and chavismo as a regional challenge to the Washington Consensus, reflects the dynamics of the free-market paradigm shifts.

Colonization and Decolonization of Inuit Population in Canada

The aim of the paper is to present specific way of colonization of the Canadian North with its typical outcomes and results, as well as contemporary attempts of “decolonization” aiming at healing the ills and mistakes of the past. The Inuit were the last of the aboriginal groups in Canada to face contacts with European newcomers. It was due to the fact that for a long time their land was considered uninviting, frozen and absolutely barren. Thus, the first contacts were infrequent and connected mainly with attempts of geographical exploration (Hearne, Mackenzie) and establishment of few trading posts (Fort Smith, Fort of Good Hope, Coppermine). Demand for whale oil and baleen in 1850s brought the first bigger wave of explorers to the north and facilitated contacts with the local people. Another big wave of northern expansion came with mineral resources boom, Klondike Gold Fever in 1896 and later search for oil, gas, platinum and uranium. Larger scope of contacts with white people had substantial impact on the life of Inuit population resulting in gradual change of lifestyle, exploitation, family breakdown, diseases and alcohol. The process of “decolonization” began in late 1970s and early 1980s with revival of native population issues, especially the problem of land ownership, share of Inuit population in the profits from resources exploitation, interest in ecology and environmental protection. Creation of Nunavut in 1999 became so far the most marking step in the attempt to satisfy political, geographical and social claims of the Inuit population.

The Rhetoric of Peace during the Cold War

In the 1970s, the United States and the Soviet Union launched a new course in their contacts called ‘dÃ(c)tenteâ€(tm). One of the main reasons for this remarkable turnabout was a radical change of views of the two countriesâ€(tm) leaders. President Nixon and General Secretary Brezhnev openly expressed their readiness and willingness to overcome ideological barriers to build and keep permanent peace. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the two leadersâ€(tm) views by analyzing two speeches, one made by Nixon during his visit to the Soviet Union in 1972 and the other made by Brezhnev during his stay in the United States in 1973. Examination of their rhetorical strategies â€" such as choice of words, arguments, and emphasis - reveals how Nixon and Brezhnev understood peace and how they aimed to achieve it. Confronting the two leadersâ€(tm) goals with the actual outcomes of their actions, and taking the significance of political changes as a yardstick of fulfilled declarations, it can be demonstrated whether Nixon and Brezhnev truly desired to achieve enduring peace or whether they used peace rhetoric as a tool to weaken each otherâ€(tm)s vigilance and take the lead in the Cold War race.

“Freedom for the Ramstein 2!”: Black Panthers, German Students and the Significance of Transnational Protest Culture in West Germany 1970-1972

On November 19, 1971 three members of the Black Panther Party, who had just completed their military service in Germany, got involved in a shooting at the West Gate of Ramstein Air Base while trying to distribute pamphlets informing about the arrival of Black Panthersâ€(tm) first lady - Kathleen Cleaver to Heidelberg. The detainment of the two of them, and the subsequent trial in Zweibrucken in June 1971, caught mass attention both in Germany and the United States and proved that debate over racial inequality had spread out beyond the boundaries of the continental America and became an acute problem within U.S. military bases in Germany at the beginning of the 1970s. Drawing on an access to the materials released by the newly opened DokuCenter in Ramstein-Miesenbach, the article provides not only an insight into one of the most controversial trials of Afro-Americans outside their country but also pictures the event as a catalyst for a growing support for the activity of the Black Panther movement among certain groups of the German society at the beginning of the 1970s.

Between the Branches: Where Does the Vice Presidency Belong?

In June 2007, vice president Dick Cheney declined to pass several classified documents held by his office on the assumption that the vice president, as president of the Senate, is legislative branch representative, which “is not entity within executive branch.” While confusing scholars, journalists and legal experts, the vital question remains: where does the vice presidency belong? In this paper, the author argues that due to the constitutional duty of being ex officio the president of the Senate, the vice presidency has long been more part of the executive branch of American government. Both symbolically �" having seal similar to presidential one, Air Force Two and an executive office that mirrors the presidential one �" and, more importantly, politically, due to being the chief executive�(tm)s advisor and representative, spokesman and potential successor, the vice president has been a presidential branch member. In this paper the author will investigate the historical shift of the vice presidency toward the executive branch.

“We and thee (…), us and them”: Not Wanted on the Voyage by Timothy Findley as a postmodern parable of difference

Not Wanted on the Voyage (1984), by a Canadian writer Timothy Findley, challenges the biblical story of the Great Flood providing a postmodern, an alternative and a postcolonial version ‘writing back to the colonial empireâ€(tm). In Findleyâ€(tm)s reconfiguration offering a story of the Other and describing a practical side of the enterprise, dr Noah becomes a tyrannical leader of a totalitarian state who instead of salvation offers destruction. His vision of the better world excludes various Others of the novel, mainly women and animals, but also those who fail to be contained in binary oppositions. It is the lower orders who embrace difference as the ark becomes a battlefield between the male and female discourses, the powers of reason and imagination, intolerance and tolerance, as well as death and life. In a way characteristic of other novels by Timothy Findley, Not Wanted on the Voyage provides an exploration of fascism. This heteroglot magic realist text revisions the politics of the chooser and the chosen, the dispossessed and the privileged, or the belonging and the unbelonging. Thus, Not Wanted on the Voyage may be read as a postmodern literary commentary on difference by showing the construction of diversity and its ideological foundations, as well as the dangers of failing to accept multiplicity.

Defining Modernism

The following article is the first chapter of an MA thesis written in the Transatlantic Studies at the Jagiellonian University. The thesis, entitled “Between Surrealism and Anthropophagy: Revolutionary aspects of Modernism From a Transatlantic Perspective”, discussed the different aspects of the modernist revolutionary project of Surrealism, in Europe, and Anthropophagy, in Brazil, focusing on the impacts of both projects at their time and how they developed into two distinct forms of understanding culture and society. The first chapter aims to define the term “modernism” and to analyze how art interpreted the crisis of modernity.

Other Issues

Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies. Focus on: Latin American Studies, Vol. 17
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 16
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 15
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 14
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 13
Ad Americam: Journal of American Studies, Vol. 12
Ad Americam, Vol. 10
Ad Americam, Vol. 9
Ad Americam, Vol. 8
Ad Americam, Vol. 7
Ad Americam, Vol. 6. Focus on: U.S. Legal System,
Ad Americam, Vol. 5. Focus on: U.S. Foreign Policy. Pattern and Process,
Ad Americam, Vol. 4. Focus on: United We Stand, Divided We Fall. US-Canadian Relations,
Ad Americam, Vol. 3. Focus on: Native America,
Ad Americam, Vol. 2. Focus on: The American Presidency,
Ad Americam, Vol. 1. Focus on: The Image of Women in American Culture,